TRIPURAINFO

Handloom, Handicrafts & Sericulture 

 

Handloom:
Tripura has some unique traditional design and arts in handloom textile. These earliest skillful arts have its own place of pride, even today. These arts are survived despite of all odds. These elegant art and design are mainly of tribal and manipuri communities. The Bengali and manipuri weavers of the States are the main commercial weavers and producing high-court fabrics including silk fabrics.

As per the 2009-10 Census conducted as a part of All India programme, there were about 1.37 lakh handloom weavers in the State. A Primary Weavers' Cooperative Society (PWCS) has been formed in each cluster. Altogether 50 handloom clusters/societies have been formed. Of the total 50 clusters, 14-clusters were in West Triprua District, 5-clusters in Khowai District, 9-cluster in Sepahijala District, 6-cluster in Gomati District, 5-cluster in South Tripura District, 5-cluster in Dhalai District, 2-cluster in Unakoti District and remaining 4-cluster in North District.
Handloom weaving in Tripura may be classified into two following broad sectors, namely:
 

 

 

i) Handloom weaving by traditional commercial weavers:
The Bengali weavers are the main commercial weavers of the State. The weavers are used to weave handloom fabrics likes silk saree, acrylic shirting, bed cover, bedsheet, gamcha, lungi, naga types of shawl, ladies scarf, gauge and bandages etc. The manipuri community is also mostly weave their fabric in commercial manner.
ii) Handloom weaving by traditional household weavers:

The tribal women weave their fabrics for domestic or ritual purpose. This State Directorate of Handloom, Handicrafts and Sericulture has taken efforts to bring the weavers for commercial weaving so that they can generate some income to increase their livelihood. The Government has extended various supports and provides backward - forward linkages to the weavers by State Plan Schemes and Centrally Sponsored Project/Schemes for upliftment of socioeconomic condition of weavers' community. And due to the implementation of the Schemes/ Projects, now some of the Tribal women weavers also weaving handloom fabrics on commercial basis and earning through the activity. The main products produced by the tribal women weavers are rignai (pachra), risa, ladies scarf, naga types of shawl, dress materials, gamcha etc.
The following schemes are being implemented in the State as joint venture of State and Central Governments.

Integrated Handloom Development Scheme:

This Scheme is introduced by the Development Commissioner for Handlooms, Government of India during 11th plan period. This scheme is unique for overall Development of Handloom Industries. This Scheme provides training with modernize Handloom, looms accessories, work shed, Margin money for raising working capital etc. This scheme is under implementation in 24 Handloom Clusters. Altogether 1200 weavers were trained and provided looms accessories and margin money. Third phase of implementation will be started shortly.
 


Handicrafts: Tripura is enclosed with rich and diverse bamboo resources. Bamboo has been traditionally used in Tripura for various domestic purposes as well as commercial use like marketing of bamboo mats, agarbati sticks, handicrafts etc. Cane and bamboo handicrafts of Tripura are considered to be among the best in the country for their exquisite designs, wide range of products and artistic appeal. The handicrafts have also been exported to some countries.
Over the years, efforts have been made to organize the handicrafts artisans to the cluster with a view to provide the necessary support, including forward and backward linkages, so that, the sector can grow and realize its full potential. Till 2015-16, about 19 clusters have been formed with total membership of about 7,800. The products of handicrafts artisans are marketed through 16 sales outlets of Tripura Handloom Handicraft    Development Co-orporation Ltd. (THHDC) as well as through the private traders.

 

 


 


Setting up of an URBAN HAAT at Agartala:

The State Govervnement has set up an Urban Haat in the heart of Agartala City, with the aim of providing a platform for regeneration of local handicrafts products and to create an urban recreation hub. This will provide an attractive platform to local artisans for selling their products. The total project cost is estimated Rs. 3.84 crores.
Department also special effort to create livelihood income to the JFMC's members with the financial support of JICA NTFO, forest Department. The Construction of common facility Centre at Chakmaghat, Takerjala and Khowai has been done and required machineries also provided to 2(two) centers Takerjala and Chakmaghat.
To popularize and introduce the Handicrafts products in the International market different International fair/event also participated i,e. Indian International Trade fair New Delhi and Panacea fair World Trade Centre in Mumbai and found good response.
 


 

 Sericulture:

Sericulture in Tripura comes under the Department of Handloom, Handicrafts & Sericulture (DHHS) and controlled by the Principal Secretary, Industries & Commerce (HHS), Govt. of Tripura, Agartala at the top. The Director, HHS being the Head of the Department is monitoring the Head Quarter, District Offices and Sericulture Clusters. At the base, it is run by Primary Co-operative societies (MRCS) which is taking active participation for development of sericulture. In the society, farmers representations is must and one of the official from Department act as Managing Director. The Apex Body of the society (BOD) takes all the decisions for development of the schemes which is being implemented by the Managing Director. The Managing Director implements the scheme with the help of the Cluster-in-charge and other field functionaries. Thus, the Managing Director maintaining forward and backward linkages between offices as well as to the farmers.
In Tripura, mulberry sericulture was started during 5th five year plan with the recommendation of North Eastern Council (NEC) with small inf
rastructure. Initially sericulture was confined only in the government farm. Gradually, extension of sericulture was intensified in the villages with interested beneficiaries under state plan funding. The same practice was continued till 1994-95. In order to increase the productivity of cocoons and to boost up the income generation by the beneficiaries the cluster approach was adopted for implementation of sericulture scheme since 1995-96. At present, there are 20 clusters are functioning in the all eight districts of the State. The progress of area coverage and cocoon productivity is achieved to a significant level.
 


Central Scheme: Catalytic Development Programme (CDP) is the main Central Sector Scheme being implemented through the Central silk Board. Under the Scheme, assistance is provided for entire range of activities from Mulberry plantation to cocoon production and post-cocoon activities. During 2013-14, an assistance of Rs.474.93 lakhs was received under CDP, of which Rs.834.16 lakhs has been utilized. Remaining fund would be utilized very soon.
The MGREGA fund were also utilised with the CDP fund for taking up mulberry plantation in the State. An amount Rs.838.65 lakhs was spent in 2013-14.


State Schemes: The state schemes are meant to supplement the efforts being made under the central schemes. The total budget provision for the state plan was Rs.42.50 lakh in 2015-16 and out of which Rs. 37.57 lakh was received and expenditure incurred Rs. 37.57 lakh.The fund mainly utilised for providing support to societies for purchase of planting materials, pest protection components, organizing awareness programmes, infrastructure support to clusters, reeling, grainage, purchase of machineries and equipments, sericulture training institute, power-looms and development of sericulture in the TTAADC area.
                                                            


Income of sericulture’s by selling of cocoons:

The cocoon production of the State for the year 2015-16 was 52.30 MT.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Production of silk sarees and marketing:

The entire raw silk of the State is being utilised for production of silk fabrics through five handloom clusters and two powerloom units. During 2015-16, raw silk production stood at 6.12 MT.