TRIPURAINFO

Health & family welfare


Health finds predominant place in three of the eight goals, eight of the sixteen targets and eighteen of the forty-eight indicators of the "Millennium Development Goals of the UN". Health is the most important social service sector having direct correlation with the welfare of the human being.

Health is defined by the World Health Organization [WHO] as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. Health is one of the vital elements that determines human development and progress in a given time and space. Good health and long life are valued possessions. For most people, the realization of goals and ambitions depends on having a reasonable and healthy life span. This can in turn, provide an opportunity to develop abilities and use this innate potential in pursuit of personal goals, that will bring indirect benefits to individuals as also to the society as a whole. Good health is thus a key factor for an individual in leading an economically meaningful life. Good health is of paramount importance for a socially and economically productive life.  In fact, the well being of a State depends, to a great extent, on sound health of its people.  It is one of the primary functions of the Government to provide good healthcare facilities to all its citizens.

In the words of Nobel Laureate, Amartya Sen, "Bad health is constitutive of poverty, premature mortality, escapable morbidity, undernourishment are all manifestations of poverty. I believe that health deprivation is really the most central aspect of poverty."

Tripura, being located in south-west corner of the North-Eastern Region, has suffered due to infrastructure and other bottlenecks, which has adversely affected the economic development of the State. The high incidence of poverty and backwardness are also telling on the health condition of the State. The State is also suffering due to shortage of appropriate health manpower. However, due to concerted efforts made by the State Government, there has been a positive change in the health scenario in recent years.


Objectives:

The main focus under the health and family welfare sector is "health care for all" in the State with particular reference to the poor and backward people. The State has comparatively performed better in the field of health & medical facilities despite its economic backwardness and absence of modern health care facilities.

i.      To provide adequate and qualitative preventive and curative healthcare to the people of the State.

ii.     To improve maternal and child health and in particular to reduce maternal and infant mortality.

iii.    To ensure equality in health care to all, particularly to disadvantaged groups like scheduled tribes, scheduled castes, backward classes and women.

iv.    To provide affordable quality health care to the people of the State through allopathic, homeopathic and ayurvedic system of medicines etc.

v.     To give training to doctors, nurses and other paramedical staff to meet the need of health care in the State.

vi.    To ensure greater access to primary health care by providing medical institutions as close to the people as possible.

 Following national health programmes have been implemented in the State in addition to the state sector health programmes.

Family Welfare, Reproductive & Child Health Programme,

i)     National Victor Borne Disease Control Programme,

ii)    National Tuberculosis Control Programme,

iii)   National AIDS Control Programme,

iv)   National Programme for Control of Blindness & Visual Impairment,

v)    National Leprosy Eradication Programme,

vi)   National Cancer Control Programme,

vii)   National Iodine Deficiency Disorder Control Programme,

viii)   District Mental Health Programme,

ix)    Disability & Rehabilitation Programme,

x)    Integrated Disease Surveillance Project.

Besides, National Rural Health Mission (NHRM) is a major partner and in conjugation with the State Health Department, has done effective work, especially at the grassroots level covering hilly area, giving the entire health services in the State a major boost. As a result of concerted efforts made by the State Government there is a visible improvement in the health status of the people of as per latest release of data in 2016 is depicted in the following Table.

Items
All India
Tripura
Birth rate
20.80/100
14.7/1000  
Death rate
6.5/1000
5.2/1000    
Natural growth rate
14.3/1000
9.5/1000
Infant mortality rate
57/1000
20/1000
Total fertility rate
2.34
 
Sex ratio
943/1000
2.22

Source: SRS-2015, ORGI & NFHS-3.

 
 

It is evident that State Government is fully committed to deliver best possible health care services to the people with the limited financial resources, especially the primary healthcare services. Side by side special attention is being paid to preventive and promotive aspects of healthcare, in addition to the curative measures. Benefits are also given under Tripura State Illness Assistance Fund to the BPL patients for treatment of diseases like heart, kidney, brain, neurological and eye diseases requiring surgical intervention outside the state.

 

 

Hospitals, Rural Hospitals and Community Health Centres

State Population Policy

Blood storage and Blood banks

             Achievement of Health Camp 2015-16

Voluntary Blood Donation