Genealogy of Tripura's
The early history of the kingdom of Tripura is a complex blend of
history with mythology .According to 'Rajmala' Tripura's royal house
trace their origin to the celebrated 'lunar' dynasty, following in the
footsteps of their counterparts in the Hindu royal houses of the rest of
India who claim to have originated from the 'lunar' or 'solar' dynasty.
Thus we have on the authority of 'Rajmala' that mythological prince
Druhya, third son of king Yayati of 'Mahabharatha', moved eastward along
the lower course of the Ganges before reaching the Sagar island in the
he obtained safe asylum in the hermitage of 'Kapil Muni' and with the
saintly blessing Druhya set up a kingdom called 'Tribeg' along the lower
course of the mighty 'Brahmaputra'. Later Druhya undertook northeastward
expansion of his kingdom across Assam along the upper course of the
river and shifted his capital . Again according to 'Rajmala', Druhya ,
the founder king , was succeeded by nearly two hundred mythological
rulers. But the mythology or legend appears to have assumed grand
proportions around the character of 'Tripur', the fortieth ruler from
Druhya's direct line of succession.
Tripur's acts of perfidy and persecution of people made his subjects
seek intervention from 'Mahadeva', the Hindu God of War, who finally
killed him. With 'Mahadeva's blessing Queen Hirabati gave birth to a
virtuous king Trilochan who is believed to have attended the 'Rajsuya'
sacrifice organized by the celebrated Pandava ruler Yudhisthira of the 'Mahabharatha'.
However, Trilochan's successors subsequently retreated from their
orginal royal domain and settled down in the present state of Tripura.
The historicity and chronology of the early kings of Tripura, referred
to in 'Rajmala', are open to questions. Any detailed description of the
role and activities of the early rulers is conspicuous by absence from
the chronicle. There is a list of 179 rulers beginning with the
mythological king Druhya and ending with the last coronated king Kirit
Bikram Kishore Manikya who is currently a non resident Tripurite. The
most important point to note in judging the authenticity of the
genealogy of Tripura's royalty-as referred to in 'Rajmala'- is that the
very existence of the rulers from Druhya (1) to Khicangfa (136) is in
A major trimming of the long list, at least from 1 to 135 seems to be
required to recover history from mythology, particularly in view of the
absence of archaeological , epigraphic and numismatic evidences.
However, it is pertinent to mention that there is indeed a reference to
a state called Tripura in the Mahabharatha but according to the
description in the epic the place seems to point to a country near 'Koshala'
in the vicinity of modern Jabalpur town in Madhya Pradesh. Apart from
this, the famous Chinese traveller and pilgrim Yuan Chwang or Hiuen
Tsang who arrived in the then Kamrup kingdom (modern Assam) in the year
C. 642-43 noted the names of all the kingdoms contemporaneous with the
then Assam but any reference to Tripura is conspicuous by absence from
the travelogue left by him to posterity. Quite naturally, this casts a
deep shadow over the authenticity of the early history of Tripura
associated by modern scholars with mythology.
For list of Genealogy Tripura's Princely Rulers