TRIPURAINFO

Education



School Education

The Education has been acknowledged as one of the key inputs for balanced socio-economic development. It opens-up opportunities leading to both individual and society. It is the most important crucial input for empowering people with skills and knowledge. It also gives access to provide gainful employment and economic development.

The State Government has been attached highest priority to education since it attained the statehood in 1972. The State has been spending 12-14 percent of its annual budget for school education sub-sector.

The "Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act,2009" has come into effect from April 2010 to provide free and compulsory education to children in the age group of 6-14 years in a neighbourhood school. Elementary education, consisting of primary (I-V) and upper primary or middle (VI-VIII) is the main basis of education, which is successfully covered under "Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan" and "Mid-day meal" schemes in the State. The secondary (IX-X) education is covered through "Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan" and higher secondary education (XI-XII) is also witnessed a phenomenal expansion in the State.

Moving ahead to achieve the goals

The State's education system covering from pre-primary stage onwards including adult literacy programmes has been making efforts towards fulfillment of the commitment made by the State Government to achieve 100 percent literacy in Tripura. To achieve the goal, the State Government launched time bound "Saakshar Bharat Mission" in the Dhalai District in 2010-11 and special "Adult Literacy Programme" in the remaining seven districts. A survey conducted in 2012 reveales that there were about 1,31,634 illiterates in the age group of 15 and above in the State. About 8,152 teaching-learning centres were opened covering both rural and urban local bodies to cover these illiterates.

The Census-2011 data reveals that literacy rate of Tripura was 87.22 percent and the State ranked fifth among the States/UTs at All India level. A recent study conducted during August 2013 by the Indian Statistical Institution (ISI), Kolkata indicates that literacy rate touched to 95.16 percent in the State.

Major focus areas

To sustain and push forward the progress and achievements os far made, the School Education Department will focus its all-round efforts on realizing the un-fullfilled targets and goals with emphasis on -

  • Enhancement of literacy rate to reach 100 percent.

  • More facilities to access elementary and secondary education.

  • Further reduction of gender-gap in enrollment, retention and completion of education.

  • More supports to students belonging to SC, ST, RM and OBC.

  • Removal of disparity at all level and ensure equliity.

  • Improvement of quality of education at all levels.

  • Extension of ICT to all secondary level schools in phases.

  • The status of school educational facilities in the State by existing eight districts in 2013-14 is presented in the following Table.

    Type of school
    West
    Sepahi-jala
    Khowai
    Gomati
    South
    Dhalai
    Unakoti
    North
    Total
    J.B
    307
    263
    265
    295
    345
    543
    178
    227
    2423
    S.B.
    153
    147
    122
    176
    158
    242
    81
    152
    1231
    High
    98
    92
    61
    74
    101
    59 
    43
    62
    590
    H.S
    103
    52
    35
    41
    55
    29
    30
    39
    384
    Total
    661
    554
    483
    586
    659
    873
    332
    480
    4628
    Source: - Education (School) Department, Tripura.

    The status of management and type-wise number of Madrassa in the State during 2013-14 is presented in the following Table.

    Type of school
    West
    Sepahi- jala
    Khowai
    Gomati
    South
    Dhalai
    Unakoti
    North
    Total
    Junior 
    28
    64
    2
    14
    4
    3
    33
    21
    169
    Senior
    0
    4
    0
    1
    0
    0
    0
    1
    6
    High
    0
    2
    0
    0
    0
    0
    0
    0
    2
    Fazil
    0
    1
    0
    0
    0
    0
    1
    1
    3
    Total
    28
    71
    2
    15
    4
    3
    34
    23
    180
    Source: - Education (School) Department, Tripura.

    The status of institutions for girls' by districts in Tripura 2013-14 is presented in the following table:

    Type of school
    West
    Sepahi-jala
    Khowai
    Gomati
    South
    Dhalai
    Unakoti
    North
    Total
    J.B
    1
    0
    1
    0
    0
    1
    2
    1
    6
    S.B
    6
    6
    5
    0
    0
    1
    0
    0
    18
    High
    9
    4
    1
    5
    6
    0
    2
    0
    27
    H.S
    12
    2
    2
    3
    5
    1
    3
    3
    31
    Total
    46
    13
    18
    27
    27
    21
    15
    29
    184
    Source: - Education (School) Department, Tripura.

    The following Table depicts the district and type-wise total no. of english medium schools in Tripura 2013-14.

    Type of school
    West
    Sepahi-jala
    Khowai
    Gomati
    South
    Dhalai
    Unakoti
    North
    Total
    J.B
    10
    6
    8
    13
    4
    9
    10
    11
    71
    S.B.
    5
    2
    4
    5
    2
    4
    0/
    4
    26
    High
    11
    2
    4
    6
    8
    5
    2
    11
    49
    H.S
    20
    3
    2
    3
    1
    3
    3
    3
    38
    Total
    46
    13
    18
    27
    27
    21
    15
    29
    184
    Source: - Education (School) Department, Tripura.

    The following  Table depicts the district and type-wise number of higher secondary schools in Tripura 2013-14 (excluding Madrassa).

    Type of streams West Sepahi-jala Khowai Gomati South Dhalai Unakoti North Total
    Science
    67
    23
    12
    16
    27
    14
    15
    15
    189
    Commerce
    33
    10
    6
    9
    11
    6
    7
    7
    89
    Arts
    103
    52
    35
    41
    55
    29
    30
    39
    384
    Source: - Education (School) Department, Tripura.

    The following Table depicts the districtwise enrolment position during 2013-14 in the State.

    District(XI-XII)
    Primary(I-V)
    Middle(V-VIII)
    Secondary(IX-X)
    Higher Sec.
    Total
    Total Girls Total Girls Total Girls Girls Total Girls Total
    West 79452 38922 45743 22620 35389 17611 17105 7877 177689 87030
    South 45184 22279 25401 12275 18154 8461 6801 2706 95540 45721
    Dhalai 54115 26386 22661 10444 14488 6550 4014 1726 95278 45106
    North 46367 22786 22916 11496 14591 7650 4458 2065 88332  43997
    Sephahijala  52676 25621 28213  14049 21515 10779 7682  3077 110086 53526
    Khowai 29762  14729  17366 8517 13662 6629 4260 1808 65050 31683
    Gomati  45052  21996  24236 11944 17531 8304 5928 2432 92747 44676
    Unakoti  33922 16763 17164 8462 11773 6100 3581 1616 66440 32941
    Total 386530 189482 203700 99807 147103 72084 53829 23307 791162 384680
    Source: - Education (School) Department, Tripura.

    The following Table shows the district wise status of the teachers during 2013-14 in the State.

    District(I-V)
    Primary(V-VIII) Middle(IX-X) Seconday(XI-XII) Higher Sec. Total
    Total
    Famale Total Famale Total Famale Total Famale Total Famale
    Dhalai 2459 630 1434 326 335 70 370 103 4638 1146
    Gomati
    2548 587 1466 302 607 128 536 161 5207 1198
    Khowai
    2646 680 1498 397 531 112 445 146 5120 1335
    North
    1625 497 1301 317 565 127 420 117 3916 1059
    Sepahijala
    2591 577 1915 367 691 108 667 213 5864 1265
    South
    2146 428 1577 247 646 91 715 106 5115 885
    Unakuti
    1172 438 840 251 302 73 389 129 2703 891
    West
    4540 1829 2770 1276 1306 572 1796 999 10412 4676
    Total
    19727 5666 12801 3483 4983 1281 5338 1974 42975 12455

    The following Table shows the district wise number of schools having computer facility during 2013-14.

    Type of school West Sepahi-jala Khowai Gomati South Dhalai Unakoti North Total
    Primary
    12
    5
    19
    15
    10
    15
    7
    12
    95
    Senior Basic
    16
    5
    7
    10
    7
    8
    3
    6
    62
    High
    49
    28
    22
    26
    26
    13
    15
    36
    209
    H.S.
    83
    41
    31
    38
    42
    26
    30
    37
    32
    Total
    160
    79
    79
    89
    79
    62
    55
    91
    694
    Source: - Education (School) Department, Tripura.

    In addition to above, the following Table depicts the district wise various facility available to the Schools in 2013-14.


    Type of facility West Sepahi-jala Khowai Gomati South Dhalai Unakoti North Total
    Drinking Water
    623
    567
    449
    545
    609
    659
    313
    439
    4204
    Boys toilet
    634
    538
    417
    598
    660
    873
    310
    474
    4504
    Girls toilet
    659
    443
    420
    598
    661
    875
    286
    471
    4413
    Electricity
    297
    178
    129
    164
    144
    133
    79
    149
    1273
    Play ground
    510
    388
    345
    356
    531
    398
    159
    218
    2905
    Ramps
    313
    233
    291
    418
    531
    237
    180
    178
    2381
    Library
    173
    125
    114
    97
    94
    642
    142
    157
    1544
    Source: - Education (School) Department, Tripura.

    The following Table depicts the drop-out rate by districts during 2013-14 in the State.

    District

    Primary stage (I-V)
    Elementary stage (I-VIII)
    Boys
    Girls
    Total
    Boys
    Girls
    Total
    west
    3.52 3.10 3.31 5.19 5.68 5.44
    South
    1.73 1.36 1.54 3.98 4.14 4.06
    Dhalai
    3.42 3.41 3.42 8.19 9.36 8.75
    North
    4.60 5.45 5.01 14.10 8.96 11.54
    Sepahijalla
    0.85 0.97 0.91 7.62 5.48 6.53
    Khowai
    2.19 2.68 2.43 9.30 8.00 8.65
    Gomati
    4.19 3.53 3.86 8.43 7.09 7.78
    Unakoti
    1.50 1.86 1.68 6.98 3.10 5.05
    Total
    2.93
    2.86
    2.90
    7.67
    6.40
    7.03
    Source: Education (School) Department, Tripura.

    The Tripura Board of Secondary Education (TBSE) conducts examination both at secondary  and higher secondary levels on regular basis. In 2013-14, the result of these examination is presented in the following Table.

    Examination
    Regular
    Overall
    Appeared
    Passed
    %
    Appeared
    Passed
    %
    Madhyamik
    32867
    22607
    68.78
    45389
    26894
    59.25
    Madrassa Madhyamik
    0
    0
    0
    2
    2
    100
    H.S. (+2 stage)
    19072
    14649
    76.81
    24249
    16774
    69.17
    Madrassa Fazil(+2 stage) Arts 6 4 66.67 6 4 66.67
    Madrassa Fazil(+2 stage) Theology
    14 14 100 14 14 100
    Source: Education (School) Department, Tripura

    Higher Education

    The State Directorate of Higher Education is entrusted with the task of providing opportunities to the students of the state for pursuing higher studies ranging from general education to technical education also for promotion for Art & Culture in the State.

    The State has one Central University and one private University (ICFAI), 22- General Degree Colleges, 1- Institute of Advanced Studies in Education, 2- Medical Colleges, 4- Polytechnics, 1- Govt. Law College, 1- Govt. Music College, 1- Art & Craft College, 1- Agriculture College, 1- Fisheries College, 1- Veterinary College, 1- Paramedical College, 1- Pharmaceutical College, 1- Physical Education College, 3- Nursing Institutes, 1- Sate Govt. Musuem, 1- State Archieves and 24- Public libraries including Birchandra State Central Library.

    Keeping pace with the technological development in the country, modern smart classroom facilities with provision of internet has been provided in almost all the colleges and technical institutions to facilitate face to face mode of teaching and exchange of expertise between different institutions for betterment of the students. The State has two Universities of which one is a Tripura Central University and the other is a private University named ICFAI University. There are 22- General Degree Colleges, 3-Polytechnics, 1-Music College, 1-College of Art & Craft, 1- Institute of Advanced Studies in Education (IASE), 1- Government Law college, 1- State Museum, 1- State Archives and 24- Public Libraries including Birchandra State Central Library. In 2012-13, efforts have been taken for setting-up of new polytechnics at Udaipur, Bagbassa and Khumulwng.

    Besides, the State Government has been given emphasise on technical and professional education and the State has 2-Medical Colleges, 1-National Institute of Technology,1- Tripura Institute of Technology, 1-Agriculture College, 1-Fisheries College, 1-Veterinary College, 1-Paramedical College, 1-Pharmaceutical College and 7- other professional Colleges in the State.
    The Government of India, has sanctioned in 2012-13 for setting up an Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIIT) at Tripura under PPP model at an estimated cost of Rs.128 crore .

    The setting up of a college of teacher's education at Kumarghat in Unakoti District at an estimated cost of Rs.21.10 crore has also been sanctioned in 2012-13.

    The following Table shows the district wise higher educational institutions during 2013-14 in the State.

    District University General  Law College Engineering College Govt. College Music College Art College
    West
    2
    6
    2
    1
    1
    1
    Khowai
    -
    2
    -
    -
    -
    -
    North
    -
    2
    -
    -
    -
    -
    Unokoti
    -
    2
    -
    -
    -
    -
    Dhalai
    -
    3
    -
    -
    -
    -
    Sepahijala
    -
    2
    -
    -
    -
    -
    Gumati
    -
    2
    -
    -
    -
    -
    South
    -
    3
    -
    -
    -
    -
    Total
    2
    22
    2
    1
    1
    1


    District Teacher Training(IASE) Polytechnic Regional College of Phy. Edu. College of Fisheries Agriculture college
    West
    1
    2
    -
    1
    1
    Khowai
    -
    -
    -
    -
    -
    North
    -
    -
    1
    -
    -
    Unokoti
    -
    -
    -
    -
    -
    Dhalai
    -
    1
    -
    -
    -
    Sepahijala
    -
    -
    -
    -
    -
    Gumati
    -
    1
    -
    -
    -
    South
    -
    -
    -
    -
    -
    Total
    1
    4
    1
    1
    1


    District Medical College Regional Pharmacy Para-Medical Veterinary
    West
    2
    1
    1
    1
    Khowai
    -
    -
    -
    -
    North
    -
    -
    -
    -
    Unokoti
    -
    -
    -
    -
    Dhalai
    -
    -
    -
    -
    Sepahijala
    -
    -
    -
    -
    Gumati
    -
    -
    -
    -
    South
    -
    -
    -
    -
    Total
    2
    1
    1
    1


    District Bhavan's Tripura College of Sc. & Tech. Bhavan's Tripura College of Teachers Education Holy Cross college Nursing Tribal Folk Music college
    West
    1
    1
    1
    3
    1
    Khowai
    -
    1-
    -
    -
    -
    North
    -
    -
    -
    -
    -
    Unokoti
    -
    -
    -
    -
    -
    Dhalai
    -
    -
    -
    -
    -
    Sepahijala
    -
    -
    -
    -
    -
    Gumati
    -
    -
    -
    -
    -
    South
    -
    -
    -
    -
    -
    Total
    1
    1
    1
    3
    1

    The district wise number of enrolment in various higher educational institutions in 2013-14 in the State is presented in the following Table.

    District

    University

    General Degree  College  

    Engineering college

    Law College

    Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls
    West - - 8966 7165 - - - -
      Khowai - - 1604 1141 - - - -
        North - - 2251 1705 - - - -
        Unokoti - - 1834 1534 - - - -
      Dhalai   - - 842 710 - - - -
        Sepahijala - - 1388 715 - - - -
        Gumati - - 2332 1293 - - - -
      South - - 2738 1308 - - - -
      Total - - 21955 15571 673 235 105 84

    District

    Music College

    Art College

    IASE

    Polytechnic College

      Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls
        West 56 73 126 65 65 103 366 534
    Khowai - - - - - - - -
    North - - - - - - - -
    Unokoti - - - - - - - -
    Dhalai - - - - - - 260 97
    Sepahijala - - - - - - - -
    Gumati - - - - - - 127 53
    South - - - - - - - -
    Total 56 73 126 65 65 103 753 684


    District

    Regional College of Fisheries

    College of Physical Education

    Agriculture College

    Medical College

    Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls
    West - - 64 50 - - 58(*) 47
    Khowai - - - - - - - -
    North 53 07 - - - - - -
    Unokoti - - - - - - - -
    Dhalai - - - - - - - -
    Sepahijala - - - - - - - -
    Gumati - - - - - - - -
    South - - - - - - - -
    Total 53 07 64 50 - - 58(*) 47


    District

    Pharmacy College

    Para-Medical College

    Veterinary College

    Nursing College

    Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls
    West 104 71 454 431 25 11 134 439
    Khowai - - - - - - - -
      North - - - - - - - -
    Unokoti - - - - - - - -
    Dhalai - - - - - - - -
    Sepahijala - - - - - - - -
    Gumati
    - - - - - - - -
    South
    - - - - - - - -
        Total  104 71 454 431 25 11 134 439

    (*) data related TMC only.

    District
    Holy Cross college 
    Bhavan's Tripura College of Sc. & Tech.
    Bhavan's Tripura College of Teachers Education
    Tribal Folk Music College
    Boys
    Girls
    Boys
    Girls
    Boys
    Girls
    Boys
    Girls
    West
    193 130 - - 60 40 92 107
    Khowai
    - - - - - - - -
    North
    - - - - - - - -
    Unokoti
    - - - - - - - -
    Dhalai
    - - - - - - - -
    Sepahijala
    - - - - - - - -
    Gumati
    - - - - - - - -
    South
    - - - - - - - -
    Total
    193 130 - - 60 40 92 107

    The district wise number of teachers in various higher educational institutions in 2012-13 in the State is presented in the following table.

    District
    University
    General Degree College
    Engineering College
    Music College
    Male Female Male Female Male Female Male Female
    West - - 107(64) 134(77) 57(9) 16(7) - (4) 05(7)
    Khowai - - 35(8) 22(7) - - - -
    Dhalai - - 29(9) 06(11) - - - -
    Unokoti - - 53(10) 27(13) - - - -
    North - - 43(14) 16(16) - - - -
    Sepahijala - - 23(4) 18(4) - - - -
    Gumati - - 44(18) 28(9) - - - -
    South - - 70(16) 19(9) - - - -
    Total - - 404(143) 270(146) 57(9) 16(7)  - (4) 05(7)

    District
    Art College
    Law College
    IASE
    Bhavan's Tripura College of Teachers Education
    Male Female Male Female Male Female Male Female
    West 21 09 04(11) - (11) 9(1) 11(1) 06 04
    Khowai - - - - - - - -
    Dhalai - - - - - - - -
    Unokoti - - - - - - - -
    North - - - - - - - -
    Sepahijala - - - - - - - -
    Gumati - - - - - - - -
    South - - - - - - - -
    Total 21 09 04(11) - (11) 9(1) 11(1) 06 04

    District

    Regional College
    Polytechnic

    Medical college

    Pharmacy of Phy. Edu.

    Male Female Male Female Male Female Male Female
        West - - 11(4) 5 (6) 114(2) 21  (-) 12(3) 1 (-)
    Khowai - - - - - - - -
    Dhalai - - 7(14) 2(2) - - - -
    Unokoti - - - - - - - -
    North 4(3) -(1) - - - - - -
    Sepahijala - - - - - - - -
    Gumati - - 4(4) -(4) - - - -
    South - - - - - - - -
    Total 4(3) - (1) 22(22) 7 (12) 114(2) 21(-) 12(3) 1 (-)

    District

    Para-Medical College

    College of Fisheries

    Agricluture college

    Bhawan's Tripura College of Sch. & Technology

    Male Female Male Female Male Female Male Female
    West 18(35) 41(7) 21 3 NRA NRA NRA NRA
    Khowai - - - - - - - -
    Dhalai - - - - - - - -
    Unokoti - - - - - - - -
    North - - - - - - - -
    Sepahijala - - - - - - - -
    Gumati - - - - - - - -
    South - - - - - - - -
    Total 18(35) 41(7) 21 3 NRA NRA NRA NRA


    District

    Veterinary College

    Holy Cross College

    Nursing College

    Tribal Folk Music College

    Male Female Male Female Male Female Male Female
    West 54 10 4(5) 10(5) - (7) 68(3) 7(10) 2(4)
    Khowai - - - - - - - -
    Dhalai - - - - - - - -
    Unokoti - - - - - - - -
    North - - - - - - - -
    Sepahijala - - - - - - - -
    Gumati - - - - - - - -
    South - - - - - - - -
    Total 54 10 4(5) 10(5) - (7) 68 (3) 7 (10) 2 (4)
    Source: - Education (Higher) Department, Tripura.

    The following table shows the number of schedule castes and schedule tribes students in Graduate level by district in 2013-14 is presented below.

    District
    S/C Graduate
    S/T Graduate
    Boys
    Girls
    Total
    Boys
    Girls
    Total
    West 1697 1359 3056  2178  1754  3932
    Khowai  319 218 537 572 437 1009
    Dhalai 222 215 437 324 213 537
    Unokoti 286 209 495 236 127 363
    North 286 232  518     303 224 527
    Sepahijala 302 167  469  111 41 152
    Gumati 529 337 866 535 283 818
    South 498 188 686 604 198 802
    TOTAL 4139 2925 7064 4863 3277 8140
    Source: - Education (Higher) Department, Tripura.

    Technical Education

    Medical Education

    General Education in Tripura

    Higher studies institutes & Colleges

    The State has one Central University and one private University (ICFAI), 22-General Degree Colleges, 1-Institute of Advanced Studies in Education, 2-Medical Colleges, 4-Polytechnics, 1-Government Law College, 1-Government Music College, 1-Art & Craft College, 1-Agriculture College, 1-Fisheries College, 1-Veterinary College, 1-Paramedical College, 1-Pharmaceutical College, 1-Physical Education College, 3-Nursing Institutes, 1-State Government Museum, 1-State Archives and 24-Public libraries including Birchandra State Central Library.

    In the private sector, apart from the ICFAI University, Tripura the Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan's Science College and a Holy Cross General College are also functioning.

    A government medical college has started functioning from August 2006, which is the first medical college in the State, named as Agartala Government Medical College (AGMC). Setting up of Government Medical College at Agartala is a significant milestone for the health sector of the State. Moreover, a private run Medical College has also been set-up at Agartala in October 2006 as Private Public Partnership (PPP) model in the State. Earlier In 2007-08, the State Government had set-up one Agricultural College and one Veterinary College near Agartala.

    Primary Schools, S.B Schools, High Schools and HS+2 Stage Schools

    The State has 2,423- Primary Schools, 1,231- Senior Basic Schools, 590- High Schools and 384-Higher Secondary Schools, 180- Madrassa are running through out the State in 2013-14. Total 3,86,530 children of primary stage and 2,03700 children of upper primary stage (VI-VII) have been benefited under mid-day-meal scheme (khichudi programme) during 2013-14.