TRIPURAINFO

Employment Workforce Census-2011



Workforce as per Census-2011:

The workforce data based on Census-2011 has been released by the Registrar General of India, New Delhi shows that the total number of workers (main &marginal) in the State was 14,69,521. Out of these total workers, 11,59,561 were the main workers and 3,09,960 were the marginal workers in 2011.

The total male workers (main & marginal) were 10,45,326 and remaining 4,24,195 were the female workers in 2011. Out of the total worker (main & marginal), 11,16,076 (75.95 percent) were in rural areas and 3,53,445 (24.05 percent) were in the urban area in 2011,respectively. The proportion of total workers (main & marginal) in total population of the State was 39.99 in 2011, which was 36.24 percent in 2001.

The total main workers were 10,77,019 in 2011, out of which 8,87,881(83.44 percent) were male main workers and 1,89,138 (17.56 percent) were female main workers.

Composition of main workers

The percentage distribution of main workers according to economic classification as per 1991, 2001 and 2011 Censuses is presented in the table below:
Classification of workers

ITEMS
2011
2001
1991
Cultivator 
22.90
26.88
38.09
Agri-labourers 
18.74
24.03
25.70
Mfg.processing servicing etc.
1.79
2.90
1.42
Other workers
56.56
46.19
34.79
TOTAL
100.00 
100.00
100.00
Source: - Census-2011, RGI.

The proportion of cultivators among all main workers in the State declined from 43.29 in 1981 to 38.09 in 1991 and to 26.88 in 2001 and further to 22.90 in 2011. In the same period the proportion of agri-labour in the State decreased from 26.72 percent in 1981 to 25.70 percent in 1991 and to 24.03 in 2001 and again to 18.74 in 2011. The proportion of other workers has increased from 34.79 percent in 1991 to 46.19 percent in 2001 and further to 56.56 in 2011. The proportion of manufacturing main worker stood at 1.79 percent in 2011.

Work participation rate

The work participation rate (WPR) stood at 39.99 percent in 2011 which were 36.2 per cent in 2001 and 31.1 percent in 1991, respectively. The work participation rate among the rural population of the State was 41.14 per cent in 2011.The similar work participation rate among the urban population was 36.76 percent in 2011.

Male work participation rate

Male work participation rate for state as a whole increased from 47.6 per cent in 1991 to 50.6 in 2001 Census and further to 55.77 percent in 2011.

Female work participation rate

Female work participation rate increased from only 13.8 percent to 21.1 percent in 2001 and further to 23.57 percent in 2011.

Main and marginal workers

Census-2011 classified the workers is in two categories viz. main workers i.e. those who worked for a major period of the year (i.e. 183 or more days) and marginal workers i.e. those who worked for less than 183 days in a year.

Main workers: The total main workers was 10,77,019 in 2011.The proportion of main workers in total population of the State was 29.31 percent in 2011, which were 28.41 percent in 2001 and 29.10 percent in 1991,respectively.The proportion of rural main workers was 28.63 in 2011 which was 28.07 percent in 2001 as compared to 29.21 percent in 1991. The same proportion of main workers in urban area was 31.25 percent in 2011 as compared to 30.02 percent in 2001 and 28.45 percent in 1991.

Marginal workers: The total marginal worker was 3,92,502 in 2011. The incidence of marginal workers among the males was low as compared to females. About 40.11 percent of the males in the State were marginal workers, while remaining 59.88 percent were female marginal workers. The marginal workers in rural areas was 3,39,493 i.e. 86.49 percent of the marginal workers were residing in rural areas in 2011 as against 53,009 marginal in urban area.

Male workers

The total male worker was 10,45,326 (main & marginal), which accounts 71.13 percent of the total workers in 2011. Out of which, main male worker was 8,87,881 and main marginal worker was 1,57,445.

In rural area, total male worker (main & marginal) was 7,76,583 where as it was  2,77,559 in urban area.

This proportion of male main worker in the rural areas was 45.92 in 2011 as against 44.68 percent in 2001 and 46.92 percent in 1991 to the total rural male population. In urban areas, the proportion of male main workers was 51.49 percent in 2011 which was 48.92 percent in 2001 and 46.92 percent in 1991 to the total urban male population.

Female workers

The total female worker was 4,24,195 (main & marginal),  out of which 1,89,138 was the main female worker in 2011.The proportion of female workers (main & marginal) was 28.86 percent to total workers in 2011. The proportion of main female workers was 8.95 percent in 1981 which rose to 10.14 percent in 1991 and 10.70 percent in 2001 and stood 10.51 percent in 2011 to the total female population. Total female main worker was 1,39,560 in rural area and 49,578 was in urban area in 2011.

Employment as per 5th and 6th Economic Censuses

The nature of the existing employment pattern in Tripura can also be found from the 5th and 6th Economic Censuses results. As we know Economic Census is a complete account of all entrepreneurial units located within the geographical boundaries of the State that covers all sectors excluding crop production and plantation.

It has been revealed from the reports that provisionally, about 4,04,215 persons were employed in 2,37,902 establishments in 2013 in the State against 3,85,708 persons  were working in 1,89,423 establishments in 2005 and 2,68,257 persons in 1,04,427 establishments in 1998. Out of the total workers of 4,04,215 persons in 2013, 2,32,273 (57.46 percent) were in rural areas and remaining 1,71,942 (42.53 percent) were in the urban areas. As per the provisional report, the total hired workers in 2013 were 1,57,650, i.e. 39 percent of the total workers.

Job-seekers registered in the Employment Exchange

Live Register:Total job-seekers registered in the Live Register as on 31st March 2015 was 6,62,756 in the State. The details by category of job seekers is as follows:

Job-seekers by category

SC
ST
OBC
PH
EX-SERVICEMAN
UN-RESERVED
MUSLIM
TOTAL
1,07,398
1,53,531
49,206
5,303
1024
3,20,294
26,000
6,62,756
Source:  Employment & Manpower, Tripura.

Live Register of Physically Handicapped: Total number of registered job-seekers according to the Live Register of Special Employment Exchange for PH as on 31-03-2015 was 5,303, which is presented by category in the following Table.

PH job-seekers

ORTHOPEDICALLY
VISUALLY
HEARING
MENTALLY
MULTIPLE
TOTAL
3,708
798
648
106
43
5,303
Source:  Employment & Manpower, Tripura.

The status of job-seekers with the six employment exchanges in the State as on March 2015 is as follows.

Employment Exchange-wise Live Register

NAME OF THE EMPLOYMENT EXCHANGES MALE FEMALE TOTAL
District Employment Exchange, Agartala
2,25,613
1,47,750
3,73,363
District Employment Exchange, Udaipur, Gomati District
79,967
38,605
1,18,572
District Employment Exchange, Kailashahar, Unakoti District
24,437
13,857
38,294
District Employment Exchange, Dharmanagar, North Tripura
37,358
23,014
60,372
District Employment Exchange, Ambassa, Dhalai District 
44,717
24,444
69,161
Special Employment Exchange for Physically Handicapped, Agartala
2,001
993
2,994
TOTAL
41,403
2,48,663
6,62,756

Factory Employment

The data of State Factories & Boilers Organisation for 2014-15 indicates that the average factory employment in the State was 61592. Out of these, the district-wise average number of workers employed and factories there-in during the year 2014-15 was as follows.

Year / District Under
Sec. 2m(I)
Under Sec. 2m(II) Under Sec. 85 section Total factories Average No. of workers employed
2014-15
 
West
259
50
485
794
23793
Sepahijala
48
11
103
162
5178
Khowai
23
14
31
68
1942
Gomati
52
15
142
209
7235
South
58
5
48
111
6984
Unakoti
35
3
12
50
3893
North
78
2
41
121
5870
Dhalai
53
3
30
86
6697
Total
606
103
892
1601
61592


Total factories
Average No. of workers employed
794
23793
162
5178
68
1942
209
7235
111
6984
50
3893
121
5870
86
6697
1601
61592
Source: - Chief Inspector of Factories & Boilers, Tripura.

Future strategy for employment generation

For accelerating the growth of employment opportunities in the State and also allow to realise full potential of the state's economy for income generation opportunities, the State should encourage the following.

i) State Government may focus the State as vibrant border trade region with Bangladesh, Myanmar, and Thailand for specific areas like food processing, rubber based industries, bio-tech projects etc. In this regard the recommendations of IIFT, New Delhi may also be consulted.

ii) Expansion of the infrastructural facilities like road, rail connectivity; banking; power supply etc.

iii) Vocational courses should be encouraged by introducing vocational subjects in conventional courses and through market, industry, institution linkups.

iv) Job oriented courses may be introduced in Degree Colleges to get more job opportunities or self-employment opportunities.

v) Expansion of technical education by establishing more colleges in Engineering, Nursing and Paramedical institutions in private sector.

vi) Creation of special economic zones, industrial estates, biotech parks, food parks, IT parks, railway projects, roadway projects including rural roads etc. will provide large-scale employment opportunities to unskilled, semi skilled and skilled workers.

vii) Utilisation of vast gas recourses, rubber etc. will generate sizeable employment opportunities.

viii) Providing employment opportunities to rural poor programmes like SGSY, JFM and watershed development would enhance the wage employment opportunities of rural poor. Efforts should be made to increase employment opportunities under special SGSY, STEP etc.

ix) The projects for dairy sector with the help of Ministry of Agriculture under Operation Flood/NDDB be implemented in three more districts in addition to West Tripura District.

x) Creation of infrastructure facility at all tourist spots and promotion of Tripura as tourist destination in neighbouring Bangladesh for foreign tourist throughout the year.