TRIPURAINFO

Fisheries


Fisheries

The role played by the State Fisheries Department of Tripura towards meeting the food security of State’s population is significant, as fish is an important constituent of daily diet of more than 95 percent of its populace. The per capita consumption of fish in the State is reported to be highest among the Inland States of the country. The State made considerable achievements with regard to carp seed production. It is rather surplus in fish seed production as the present production is about 329.40 million against a requirement of 293.78 million at the end of 2014-15. This is the first state in the North East to produce seed of fresh water prawn in artificial sea water on a commercial scale. However, the State is yet to achieve the level of fish production to fulfill the consumption requirement of fish for its populace.

Fish production

The district wise water area and production of fish during 2013-2014 (provisional) is given in the following table:

District

Culturable Water area(in hac)

Inland fish excluding non-subsistence fishermen fish
(In M.T)

Catch of fish by non-professional (subsistence fish) (In M.T)

Total
(4+5)
(In M.T)

West
2580.17
5939
810
6749
Shipaijala
3472.48
7971
1088
9059
Khowai
2916.67
7520
977
8497
South
3129.65
6740
885
7625
Gomati
4703.56
9335
1300
10635
Dhalai
4113.99
8600
1107
9707
North
3075.10
6280
776
7056
Unakoti
1981.68
4745
707
5452
TOTAL
25973.30
57130
7650
64780
Source: Fisheries Department, Tripura.

Progress in fishery sector during 2014-15

Encouraging results with regard to fish culture activities could be obtained in the State, particularly in the rural areas due to implementation of the plan activities during 2014-15. Besides, a class of progressive farmers have been developed in the State who is obtaining fish productions of even above 4-5 tons per hec. The total fish production have been raised to 64780 MT in 2014-15. The per capita availability of fish from local production has also increased to 17.50 kg in 2014-15 against 16.81 kg in 2013-14. Moreover, about 711.98 hec additional water bodies including big water bodies have been brought under scientific fish culture and about 634.60 hec new water area also created during 2013-14. Greater emphasis is now being laid on high-tech fish culture by increased use of aerator in fish culture ponds to increase per hec productivity.

Production of quality fish seed

In order to produce quality major carp fish seed in captivity , so far 12 FRP hatcheries have been brought from CIFA, ICAR, Kausalyaganga, Odissa and installed in 11 - private sector farms and 1 in Government farm. Besides, 2-magur hatcheries and 3- pabda hatcheries are under production of high value seed of magur and pabda.

Establishment of input storage centre

To facilitate storage and delivery of various fishery inputs like lime, fish feed etc. to farmers, during 2014-15, 35 - Input Storage Centres have been constructed , one in each block ,and  works  of another  10 Input Storage Centre are  under progress.

Pisciculture assistance for better production of fish

As a priority programme,dissemination of different scientific fish culture  technologies  are being extended to the farmers , in the form of demonstration on  feed based intensive fish culture., ‘semi –intensive fish culture’ , fish culture in ‘small’ and “non perennial” water bodies and feed and seed support etc. Under this programme, benefit extended to  5978  farmers during 2014-15  .

Popularization of prawn culture among the farmers

Emphasis has also  been given on popularizing prawn farming in the State due to its high market demand during 2014-15. Towards production of prawn juveniles all the available 7-hatcheries in the State have been utilized on regular basis  for production of prawn seeds.  In the year 2014-15, 8.82 lakhs prawn seeds have been produced in the Government sector and supplied to the farmers of remote areas of the State for cultivation.

Intensification on production of other alternative species in aquaculture

Towards intensification on production and culture of alternative species in aquaculture, about 5700 pabda seed , 2100 chitala (N.chitala) seeds ,  3000 sor punti  (Puntius sarana) and 12074 ornamental fishes have been produced in the Government hatcheries in experimental basis and distributed among the farmers for its culture.

Introduction of cage culture in Dumber

For enhancing fish production in open water bodies specially at Dumbur reservoir a new technology the “cage culture” has been introduced and  side by side ranching of 26.25 lakhs big size fingerlings have been stocked in open water bodies during 2014-15 including other rivers/rivulets .

Involvement of Co-operative Societies and SHGs in fishery

There are 143-Fishermen Co-operative societies including 1-Apex Co-operative societies associated with fisheries activity. The State Fishery Department is providing technical and financial supports to the less privileged societies to promote the growth of fish production as well as  better income. During 2014 -15, 21 Fishermen Co-operative societies have been assisted for fish production. Besides, about 260.50 hac. water areas of SHGs have also  been encouraged through  basic inputs supply and required training in scientific pisciculture.