TRIPURAINFO

Horticulture

The good agro-climatic conditions, deep fertile soils, sub-tropical humid climate with abundance of rainfall offer tremendous scope for development of horticulture sector in the state. Among the important horticultural crops pineapple grown in Tripura is widely acclaimed as the best in the country, beside good quality production of orange, banana, jackfruit, mosambi, mango (Amrapalli) and cashew nut. The State is still the largest producer of True Potato Seed (TPS) in the country and is surplus in several vegetable crops including cabbage, cauliflower, tomato and different cucurbitaceous crops.
The contribution of agriculture & allied activities to the Gross State Domestic Product is about 24 percent. On the other hand, more than 42 percent of the State’s population depends on agriculture for its livelihood and therefore, this sector has been the single largest provider of employment to the rural people of the State.
There is huge potential RoFR land available for cultivation of fruit/ plantation crops like pineapple, jackfruit, orange, mosambi, mango, arecanut etc., commercially which may cater the need of other North Eastern States and neighboring country Bangladesh. The recent development in Indo-Bangla relationship has also opened new avenues of export possibilities of horticultural sector in near future.

Fruits

The production and productivity primarily depends on use of good planting materials/seeds. Effort has been taken to produce good quality planting materials in government orchards/ private nurseries to cater the demand of horticultural crops. Creation of plantation in cluster manner has been given the priority to give horticulture a commercial approach. To maintain production and productivity at desired level irrigation support is essentially required and hence emphasis has been given on creation of water sources and coverage under micro irrigation to get maximum water efficiency during dry spell period. Major thrust areas for development of fruits are as follows:-

  • Production of quality planting materials (raising of budded / grafted saplings).

  • High density plantation for selected crops (pine apple, banana, mango, citrus etc.)

  • Rejuvenation of old / senile plantation.

  • Emphasis on staggering of pineapple and watermelon.

  • Creation of captive garden of pineapple.

  • Introduction of new fruit crops like sweet orange ( valencia/mosambi).

  • Popularisation of micro irrigation.

  • The area, production and productivity of major fruits in Tripura during 2014-15 (Provisional) are tabulated below.

    Crops Area (000’hect) Production (Lakh MT) Productivity  (MT/hect)
    Mango
    11.18
    0.625
    5.6
    Pineapple
    11.94
    1.708
    14.3
    Orange
    06.70
    0.365
    5.45
    Jackfruit
    10.03
    3.013
    30.02
    Banana
    13.99
    1.413
    10.10
    Litchi
    03.92
    0.205
    5.25
    Lime/Lemon
    05.54
    0.278
    5.02
    Papaya
    03.72
    0.372
    10.00
    Sapota
    00.19
    0.015
    8.10
    Mosambi
    01.20
    0.018
    1.5
    Guava
    01.00
    0.053
    5.30
    Others
    10.72
    0.127
    7.60
    Total
    71.18
    8.197
    11.52

    Vegetables

    The State is already in surplus of vegetable production. The area under cultivation of vegetable has been gone up with the increasing trend of vegetable consumption per capita (<500 gms) and also because it is a low volume high value crop. Major thrust areas for development of vegetable are as follows:-

  • Round the year cultivation of selected vegetables.

  • Vegetable initiative in tribal cluster.

  • Introduction of new vegetable varieties.

  • Protected cultivation of vegetables.

  • Bringing more area under vegetable by utilising seasonal fallow.

  • The area, production and productivity of summer and winter vegetables in the State during 2014-15 (provisional) are given below.

    Crops
    Area (000’hect)
    Production  (Lakh MT)
    Productivity (MT/hect)
    Summer vegetables
    18.97
    2.902
    15.30
    Winter vegetables
    20.14
    3.568
    17.71
    Total
    39.11
    6.470
    16.54

    Potato

    The State Horticulture Department has taken up potato being a crash crop cultivation as one of its focused item in the State.  In 2014-15 major thrust has been given on production of seedling tuber (tuberlet) through co-operative farming system involving Tripura Horticulture Corporation Ltd (THCL) for procurement and preservation in the cold storages for use in subsequent year. A handsome quantity  about 625MT of seedling tuber (tuberlet) has been procured from the growers during 2014-15, which will reduce the dependency of seed materials from outside sources in 2015-16 onwards.

    A special initiative has also been taken up for cultivation of potato in the non-traditional areas in 2014-15 and an additional area of 341 hact were brought under potato cultivation.

    The hybrid TPS programme, which was initiated in the State Horticulture Research Complex (HRC) at Nagicherra through a collaborative work with the International Potato Centre (CIP, Lima) has proved a pro farmer technology and sustainable on long term basis. The hybrid programme has not only proved to be a high yielder but also capable to combat the Late Blight disease significantly. Tripura registered the highest per hectare production of potato among all North Eastern states owing to hybrid TPS technology.

    The North East India is possessing 10 percent of the potato area of the country butcontributes only 4percent of the total potato production. Tripura is realizing the yield of around 18t /hect (nearer to national average), which is better among the North Eastern States. In 2014-15,190 kg hybrid TPS has been produced at HRC, Nagicherra.

    In 2014-15 an area of 9040 hact. was covered under potato with its production of 1,59,466 MT with the productivity level of 17.64 MT/Ha.

    Floriculture

    Soil and agro climate of Tripura is much conducive for growing different kinds of flower. With enormous demand of fresh flower, floriculture has become a blooming business in the state. A sizeable quantity of flowers is now being produced and marketed on daily basis. At present, about 290 hactor area is under commercial cultivation of flower with production of 580 MT with a productivity level of 2 MT/hec. both under open and protected condition.

    Watershed Development

    In Tripura, the State Level Nodal Agency (SLNA) for Implementation of Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) is a constituent agency of State Department of Agriculture and primarily responsible for implementation of IWMP as per common guideline for watershed development as formulated by Government of India from  April 2008.
    In view of holistic development of watershed in Tripura, 997 micro watersheds covering an area of 10.365 lakh hector has been identified based on drainage course. Till 12th five year plan (2014-15) about 204 micro watersheds covering 2.13 lakh hectors has been treated and some of this are also now under treatment.

  • Under Entry Point Activities- 656 ring wells has been constructed benefiting 3938 families, 156 community iron removal drinking water tanks have been constructed benefiting 1563 families.

  • 459 hector water area have been created by constructing 2341 big water bodies, farm pond etc from which 2382 hector area brought under irrigation potential.

  • 1686 hector waste land area have been treated by vegetative coverage through horticulture plantation and forest saplings. 

  • 1856 SHGs have been benefited for strengthening their livelihood activities.

  • 2903 asset less persons have been benefited under micro enterprise activities for income generation.

    Implementation of MGNREGA founds for plantation of programme
    The State Directorate of Horticulture & Soil Conservation is under the process of implementation of funds of MGNREGA for plantation of programme especially in tribal areas in RoFR land with pineapple, banana, mango, arecanut, mosambi etc. In 2014-15, 1276.94 hector plantation has been raised and a total amount of Rs. 857.294 Lakh was spent.