The indigenous people of Tripura had been demanding autonomy to protect their rights and preservation of indigenous culture for long years. It is against this background that the state government as well as the central government decided to set up an Autonomous District Council for the areas predominantly having tribal population of the state to introduce internal autonomy in tribal compact areas and thereby protect the social, economic and cultural interests of the 19 ethinc tribes.
The objective of setting up Tripura Tribal Areas Autonomous District Council (TTAADC) is aimed at handing over certain administrative and legal authority to the Council in order that it may devote concerted attention to all aspects of cultural, social and economic improvement of the tribal people who for historical reasons presently belong to the weaker sections of society and thereby to free them from all kinds of social injustice. There is no doubt that the formation of TTAADC under Sixth Schedule of the Constitution of India had fulfilled the long cherished demand of the people of Tripura for self governance in tribal majority areas. In this context, it deserves particular mention that while wresting the right of autonomy, the tribal people had not agitated all by themselves. The democratic people of the state in general lent powerful support to their movement. The main objective of forming the District Council under Schedule VI is to remove within a short time the material disparities between the advanced and backward sections of the societies, to strengthen the bonds of unity between the tribal and non-tribal masses, to emancipate not only tribal people but all the deprived people from all types of injustice and exploitation. Tripura Tribal Areas Autonomous District Council is a symbol of integrity, harmony and unity of the tribal and non-tribal people of the state. Now it is marching through the concerted efforts of the masses. In the tribal dominated areas of the state of Tripura consist of 7,132.56 sq. Kms.
TTAADC was constituted originally under the Seventh Schedule of the Constitution of India. The Tripura Tribal Areas Autonomous District Council Bill, 1979 was unanimously passed by Tripura Legislative Assembly on March 23, 1979. The states lone tribal council was constituted through by secret ballots in January 15, 1982 and the elected members were sworn in on January 18, 1982. Subsequently, the Constitution of India has been amended by a Bill and it was unanimously passed on the floor of the Indian Parliament on August 23, 1984 for introduction of the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution in India. A fresh election under the Sixth Schedule was held on June 30, 1985 through secret ballots and the elected members were sworn in on July 19, 1985 subsequently.
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