Doubling Farmer’s Income and Use of Technology
By Kiran Bhowmik
Technology is very important in order to increase the per capita income of farmers. Area of agricultural land is limited but need to produce more production with an eye to fulfilling the demand of food, so need to use technology that may help to produce more production. Indian agriculture is passing through difficult times due to two consecutive drought situations in several parts of the country.
In accordance with report of Economic Review of Tripura 2014-15, Tripura is primarily an agriculture-based economy where more than 42 percent of its population now directly depends on Agriculture & allied activities and its contribution to the GSDP has increased with new 2011-12 base in the State as per the revised methodology and additional coverage. As small and marginal farmers, constitute about 96 percent of the total farmers in the state against 78 percent that of country. Agriculture and allied activities has been remained as the backbone of the State's economy and rural economy is largely driven by this sector. Food security as well as providing the gainful employment to the rural labor force is the man attention of the Government planning and policy making. The State's favorable agro-climate conditions, fertile soils, sub-tropical climate, large tilla(Not Plain Land) lands and abundance of rainfall of about 2200 mm well distributed across the season really offers immense scope for development of horticulture sector comprising of fruits, vegetables, spices, plantation crops, floriculture, medicinal and aromatic plants etc. The agricultural has an important potential demand base for both industry and services sectors, in addition to being the supply base for food and raw materials. The better performance of the agriculture has a direct and multiplier effect across the economy. The 60 percent of the geographical area is under forest and only about 27 percent is available for cultivation. The main agricultural crops grown in the State are paddy, maize, wheat, pulses, oilseeds, jute and mesta. Fragmentation of land holding is continuing as a part of social phenomenon. Average size of holding has been declined from 1.25 hectares in 1976-1977 to 0.49 hectares in 2010-11 against all India 1.15 hectares. Taditionally, people in the hills cultivate on high slopes by practicing jhum(Shifting Cultivation) or shifting cultivation. The State Government has given technical guidance and production inputs under improved method of jhum cultivation programme.
As a part of observance of technology week, the Krishi Vigyan Kendra(KVK), South Tripura District has taken various initiatives in view of importance of agriculture. The technology week started since on December 23 and it will continue until December 30. At least 100 numbers of farmers from different sides of the South and Gomati District were present in this programme. The farmers can able to know about latest technology that will help them in case of production.The technology week has celebrated from 23rd December to 30 th December with a view to create mass awareness among the farmers about the location specific advanced technologies for the sustainable agricultural production.
Dignitaries are seating on the dais on the eve of observance of Technology Week from 23rd -30th December 2016 at KVK, South Tripura. Photo By : Sudip Majumder.
Mr. Diganta Das, DDM, NABARD gave special address on the importance of Banks in agricultural development and role of farmers club in technology dissemination. He also said the problems of farmers and how can they overcome their problems. There are various schemes for farmers like KCC and other sponsored schemes of government. Agricultural and allied product show cum completion has also organized by KVK as a part of observance of technology week, where farmers show their agricultural product and got prize only such farmers as have achieved rank according to decision of judges.
Based on the recommendations of National Commission on Farmers, Government announced measuring agricultural progress by real income of farmers and not by gross production of agricultural commodities. The Finance Minister in his Budget 2016 Speech mentioned about doubling farm incomes. Later the Prime Minister of India gave a call to the nation of doubling farm incomes by 2022.
Farmers’ income can increase by the following ways;
1. Increasing incomes by improving productivity
2. Water and Agri-Input policies
3. Integrated Farming System
4. Better market price realization
5. Special Policy Measures
Sources of Information: Recommendations of the National Round Table on Doubling Farmers Incomes by 2022 Economic Review of Tripura 2014-15